Terracotta is one of the most frequently used materials in potting that is instantly recognizable for its red color. Its name translates to 'baked earth' or ‘fired clay’ which describes the production process in a nutshell, that involves baking the clay at such a temperature it becomes solid and attains its redness due to the material’s iron oxide content.
But what is terracotta exactly?
Terracotta is often used to reference the raw material clay itself, not just the final, fired product. Clay is a combination of minerals and sedimentary rocks that form into clay underground over thousands of years. It is a material that was used for pottery making for a long time, thus we learned to recreate its properties through manufacturing. Still, the majority of clay is dug up from the ground, thus having higher amounts of contaminants or impurities that can result in multiple color variations like darker brown or pink hues, and different temperatures might be needed for them to achieve the necessary characteristics of burned clay.
Terracotta is made from a coarse porous type of clay which is shaped (or sculpted) into the final form, then baked until it becomes hard. With practical use in mind, an additional layer of glaze is needed after that because baked terracotta is not watertight.
Why choose terracotta planter pots over plastic ones?
By nature, terracotta pots are porous and actually breathe, leading to increased oxygen and water circulation inside the pot which also causes their outside surface to reflect the state of the soil as it changes color or becomes dry depending on the circumstances inside. They have several advantages compared to plastic planter pots, with the most obvious one being their environmentally friendly nature. They are made from completely natural materials and their reusability is excellent as well. They are very resistant for the most part but usually not suitable for temperatures below -10 °C which is their biggest limitation. Apart from this, they are a great choice for almost every kind of plant, both indoors and outdoors.
Our terracotta products
When creating our terracotta product line our vision was to prioritize environmentally friendly production techniques and materials. As we are launching this collection we are proud to say that we succeeded and all of our terracotta planter pots, bas-reliefs, and statues were made with this philosophy implemented. Visit the link and explore our fantastic selection of high-quality terracotta products!